HCMC: Managing urban development
Over the past two decades, HCMC has increased significantly in size. The city now stretches out in an urban continuum which measures more than 100 kilometres in length and is currently growing at a rate of 3.2% per annum. Beyond its administrative boundaries, the HCMC urban area also extends into neighbouring provinces, thereby embracing a total population of nearly 18 million inhabitants.
In order to control urban expansion, the HCMC authorities have developed a Master Plan to build new urban areas in the period up to 2025. The plan proposes the model of a multi-centre city situated within a radius of 15km from the historic centre. The city will have four development centres and several major urban projects. The new urban centres will be connected to each other by urban railways and ring roads. The creation of peripheric belts and green corridors and the protection of the mangrove swamps of Cần Giờ to the south will provide the city with green “lungs.”
Lyon: Building a balanced European metropolis
The authorities of Greater Lyon recognise the rapid and diffuse impacts of urbanisation over the last 30 years. The vision of Lyon towards 2030 is to grow a major city where there is a balance between economic growth and population, respect for the environment and social equity and solidarity between neighbourhoods. This will be achieved through the implementation of proactive policies which strengthen the green frame, prioritise urban renewal and focus on urbanising those areas which are well served by public transport, thereby building a city where distances travelled between home and work are short ones.