HCMC: Developing a functional transportation network
HCMC began construction of its major road and public transport infrastructure in line with the vision of its 2025 Master Plan, with the aim of improving traffic flow and linking provision of public transportation with all aspects of urban planning. The doubling of the Saigon Bridge and the construction of the Phú Mỹ Hưng Bridge and the Thủ Thiêm Tunnel – the latter being the first of its kind in Việt Nam – are major construction projects symbolic of the new policies currently being implemented here. Such projects are now routinely complemented by new urban design projects. For example, the construction of the Võ Văn Kiệt expressway, the expansion of Highway 1 and the airport road have all been accompanied by the upgrading of adjoining urban spaces and the planting of trees to create new landscapes for the city.
Lyon: Modernisation of infrastructure and innovation
Over the last 15 years, Greater Lyon has been successful in bringing about a significant reduction in the use of private cars, which now make up less than 50% of total transportation in the city. Public transportation in Lyon currently meets around 15% of public transport needs, thanks to the city’s efficient public transport network which comprises four metro lines, six tramway lines and two funicular railway lines. Today Lyon is focusing on the modernisation and completion of its road infrastructure: improving the Tunnel de la Croix Rousse by adding a new parallel bore dedicated to public and “soft” transportation modes; constructing the Schumann bridge, the 14th bridge to be built over the Saône; extending tramway line 1 beyond the Rhône by building the Raymond Barre bridge; and extending métro line B (Gerland to Oullins).