INTRODUCTION

Mobility: A major challenge

Transport policies currently aim at a more sustainable city where the needs of the citizen are at the heart of all thinking and residents can choose between a variety of modes of transportation – walking, bicycle, motorcycle, car, bus, trolleybus, tram or metro.

HCMC: The indispensable motor cycle

In 2010 there were 5 million motorcycles in HCMC and transportation by motorbikes made up 80% of movement in and around the city. Highly mobile, low in cost and occupying comparatively little road space, motorcycles have long been the key to traffic fluidity in the city. However, recent economic growth in Việt Nam has led to a sharp rise in the number of private cars, impacting profoundly on urban transportation. Very high urban density, an increase in commuting and longer commuting distances, combined with an underdeveloped public transport infrastructure, has led to a significant growth in urban congestion.

theme3- panneau1- add-Cầu Nguyễn Văn Cừ - Lê Quốc Thịnh
© Lê Quốc Thịnh
Nguyễn Văn Cừ bridge

HCMC: Imagining tomorrow’s transportation

Faced with the challenge of improving traffic flow, HCMC has undertaken the construction of numerous major infrastructure projects (roads, bridges, tunnels, flyovers) and is also developing its public transport network (metro, BRT, trams).

The rebalancing of road sharing between different modes of transport has the potential to revolutionise traffic circulation and parking, profoundly affecting the overall appearance of the city. In parallel with this, projects to reclassify public spaces, such as the pedestrianisation of the city centre, will permit Saigon people to make greater recreational use of the urban landscape.

Lyon: Public transport choices

In Lyon, the network of public transportation (bus, trolleybus, tram and metro) and other services such as rental of bicycles and self-service electric buggies have contributed to a reduction in the use of private cars, the main source of congestion in the city, which now account for less than 50% of total transportation movements.

Stade de Gerland > Oullins gare
© Nicolas Robin.
An automatic (driverless) Lyon métro train

Lyon: Environment-friendly transportation

Lyon continues to upgrade its public transport systems and transform the riverbanks which were formerly used as car parks into areas exclusively reserved for pedestrians and cyclists. In this way, the city’s urban transportation policy is currently regarded as one of France’s most ambitious and forward-thinking.

Mobility has a great impact on the quality and attractiveness of urban areas. To ensure that travel remains a pleasant experience, the authorities of both HCMC and Lyon have implemented many proactive policies for sustainable mobility and road safety.



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